The Old Town is the beating heart of Prague, capital city of Czech Republic and one of the main cultural centres for Eastern Europe. The Old Town regroups medieval buildings and alleys, that in the past were separated from the rest of the city by a moat and walls. In the centre of the Old Town, you will find a beautiful square, a unique spot in Prague where you can admire rare examples of Gothic and baroque architecture.
Be astonished by the monuments of Old Town Square
Once you get to Old Town Square, or Staromestské namesti in Czech, you will be immediately amazed by the beauty of this old spot in Prague. Old Town Square is an elliptical square surrounded by churches, historical buildings, the Old Town Hall, the Astronomical Clock and statues at the centre. You will be greeted by the sight of the highest buildings: the Old Town Hall (on the left in the picture) and the Church of Mother of God before Týn, a beautiful Gothic church with two towers about 80 meters high.
Here you can also have a drink or a meal in one of the several bars and pubs along the square.
Let’s give a more specific look to this architectural treasure.
Admire the National Gallery building’s rare Rococo style
From the partial view in the picture, you can admire the Kinsky Palace and the beautiful Gothic Church of Mother of God before Týn, two of the main buildings in this area.
Kinsky Palace has been built for the Count Von Goltz between 1755 and 1765 on the ruins of Gothic and a Romanesque houses. Later, the palace has been sold to the Kinsky, a Bohemian noble family that renovated the baroque interiors.
This rare example ofRococo architecture building is also the childhood house of the first woman in history to win a Nobel Prize: Bertha Von Suttner, an Austrian writer actively involved in the cause of peace development, who got the Nobel Peace Prize in 1905.
Nowadays Kinsky Palace hosts the National Gallery where you can admire a fine collection of ancient Asian and Mediterranean art. Since 1992, this beautiful building, together with the Old Town square itself, have been declared national monuments.
Discover the astonishing Church of Mother of God before Týn
The Church of Mother of God before Týn is a Gothic church built during the 14th century on the ruins of a Romanesque church dated back the 11th century, which had already been rebuilt as and a early Gothic Church in the 13th century.
Thanks to its size and its Gothic style architecture towards the sky, this amazing religious building is the prominent feature of the Old Town Square landscape.
As you can see in the picture, the church’s main entrance is hidden in a palace courtyard where you can also find a restaurant.
Walk through the church perimeter and enjoy a rare example of Gothic sculpture placed in the northern portal depicting the Crucifixion.
Don’t forget to visit the wonderful baroque St. Nicholas Church
St. Nicholas Church is one of the most significant baroque religious building of Prague. There are documentary sources about its rising dating back the end of the 13th century, then the church has been renovated several times until the 20th century.
Upon getting inside the church, you will be immediately amazed by the huge dome and its 20-meters of diameter. As you can see in the picture, in the centre of the church you will find a crystal chandelier. This incredibly big, crown-shaped chandelier was a gift from the Tzar Nicholas II when the church was consecrated to Orthodox Christian religion.
The main organ, dated back to 1745, was used by Mozart during his stay in Prague. In honor to this wide music tradition, you can still enjoy Renaissance, baroque and classical music concerts every day.
Enjoy an exciting visit across Old Town Square and discover its astonishing monuments
Old Town Square, located in the city of Prague, is an unmissable spot, full of beautiful buildings and monuments that are just waiting for your visit!
Beyond the monuments mentioned in this article be sure to visit also: Jan Hus memorial, the Old Town Hall with its panoramic tower, the Astronomical Clock and many other beautiful palaces.
Here you can also sit in one of the many bar and restaurant in this area and enjoy a fine typical Czech dish.
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