Buildings are not just a piece of architectural wonders but it is the reflection of many hidden aspects of the past. If you are a travel enthusiast and ever plan to delve into the history of Pennsylvania in USA, then Philadelphia is the place to start from. Founded in 1682, Philadelphia has played a crucial role within the American Revolution. You will be surprised to know Philadelphia has been the first capital of USA and is also an important educational, business and industrial hub. You will find a lot of emphases has been placed on the art and culture in the city. Philadelphia is often called “historic Philadelphia”. So without wasting any time further, let’s quickly check out the top 10 famous buildings in Philadelphia.
1. Independence Hall
Located on Chesnut Street, Independence Hall is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The building is of great historical importance as this place marks the birth of a new republic in the United States of America. The two important pillars of any nation are its independence and the constitution. Independence Hall is the place where the US achieved its independence, the Declaration of Independence took place inside this hall. Also, the Constitution of the US was debated, formed and adopted in this building which marks the coming of the new era in the States.
Address: 520 Chestnut St, Philadelphia, PA 19106, USA
Website: Independence Hall
2. One Liberty Place
Have you ever visited any skyscraper complex and witnessed the beauty of towns and cities from the sky. If no, then Liberty Place in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States is the place for you. One Liberty Place is a 61-story, 945-foot skyscraper complex. This is one of the most famous buildings in Philadelphia due to its marvellous architecture.
One Liberty Place
Address: 1650 Market St, Philadelphia, PA 19103, USA
Website: One Liberty Place
3. Franklin Institute
Established in 1824, Franklin Institute is a huge science museum named after great scientist Benjamin Franklin. It is a prime centre of science in research in Philadelphia. This place is a must visit for science enthusiasts. The building has two forms of architecture - Neoclassical architecture and Greek Revival architecture, making it a must visit for history enthusiasts too.
Address: 222 N 20th St, Philadelphia, PA 19103, USA
Website: Franklin Institute
4. Philadelphia City Hall
One of the largest municipal building in the world, Philadelphia City Hall is the government’s seat built in the centre of the city. The architecture of this building has the striking resemblance to Second Empire European architecture. The building was designed by John McArthur Jr. and Thomas Ustick Walter. It was built in 30 years within the Penn Square, making it one of the most famous buildings in Philadelphia.
Philadelphia City Hall
Address: 1400 John F Kennedy Blvd, Philadelphia, PA 19107, USA
Website: Philadelphia City Hall
5. Christ Church
Built between 1727–1744, Christ Church is a symbol of a new beginning of Christianity in the US. The church was founded as a small parish of the Church of England in the year 1695. The historical importance of this church is its role in building the Protestant Episcopal Church in the United States of America. The building has a Georgian form of architecture. Its marvellous architecture is not just eye-pleasing but it is very strong and has very successfully survived the ravages of time.
Address: 20 N American St, Philadelphia, PA 19106, USA
Website: Christ Church
6. Pennsylvania Museum of Art
Another museum in the heart of Pennsylvania, the Pennsylvania Museum of Art has one of largest gallery space in the world. Established in 1876, the Pennsylvania Museum of Art has a huge object collection coming from three continents - European, American and Asian origin. Art and culture play a huge role in determining the historical significance of that place. Therefore, the museum offers an amazing treat to the eyes, as well as a great creative space for the scholarly discovery of imagination and strength. You will come across a huge range of artworks such as photographs, armours, paintings, sculpture, decorative pieces of arts, prints and drawings.
Pennsylvania Museum of Art
Address: 2600 Benjamin Franklin Pkwy, Philadelphia, PA 19130, USA
Website: Pennsylvania Museum of Art
Opening Hours: 10:00am - 5:00pm (Tuesday, Thursday and weekends), 10:00am - 8:45pm (Wednesday and Friday), Monday closed
7. Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts
Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts (PAFA) is the first museum ever built in the US. It is also one of the oldest art schools and art museums in the country, dating back to the year 1805. Known for its diverse collection of American sculptures, paintings and works on paper coming from the 19th and 20th century. The museum is a reflection of three forms of architecture- Gothic, Second Empire and Renaissance. Women artists are given an exclusive place in this gallery making it an essential part of the list of famous buildings in Philadelphia.
Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts
Address: 118-128 N Broad St, Philadelphia, PA 19102, USA
Opening Hours: 10:00am - 5:00pm (Monday Closed)
8.Eastern State Penitentiary
Constructed in the year 1821 Eastern State Penitentiary, also known as ESP, is the former American Prison. This prison is known to be one of the most expensive prisons ever built in the world. The prison cells were both sky-lit and vaulted making it a beautiful piece of architecture. The prison began in the year 1829 and was declared dysfunctional in the year 1971. Since then the place has been ruined but after 142 years of functionality, the government has added Eastern State Penitentiary in the list of National Historic Landmarks. So if you ever wish to see, what prison was like in past then this famous building in Philadelphia is waiting for you.
Eastern State Penitentiary
Address: 2027 Fairmount Ave, Philadelphia, PA 19130, USA
Website: Eastern State Penitentiary
9. Cathedral Basilica of Saints Peter and Paul
Built in 1846-1864, Cathedral Basilica of Saints Peter and Paul is the largest Catholic Church in the Pennsylvania region of the US. This cathedral is known for two Papal Masses. The first one was celebrated by Pope John Paul II in the year, 1979, and the second one was celebrated by Pope Francis in the year, 2015. The Cathedral follows three architectural styles - Palladian architecture, Renaissance Revival architecture and Italian architecture.
Cathedral Basilica of Saints Peter and Paul
Address: 18th St. & Benjamin Franklin Parkway at Logan Square, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
10. Boathouse Row
Boathouse Row is yet another famous building of Philadelphia which will change your whole concept behind Boathouses. Located on the east bank of the river Schuylkill and in the west of Philadelphia Museum of Art, is a National Historic site built in the year 1860 by famous architects Furness and Evans from Furness, Evans & Company. You will find three architectural styles - Late Victorian, Gothic architecture and Late 19th- and 20th-Century Revivals. There are 15 boathouses which are the house of social and rowing clubs and their racing shells.
Address: 1 Boathouse Row, Philadelphia, PA 19130, USA
Ready for the fun
So if you still haven’t packed your bags, then hurry. I believe the list of famous buildings in Philadelphia given above has definitely tempted you to visit the city. Well, I would highly recommend you visiting Philadelphia. Especially, when you wish to get deeper into America’s past, then, Philadelphia is a must visit, after all, it is the first and only World Heritage City in the United States of America.
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