10 Historical Places In Bangladesh

historical places in bangladesh
| 4 min read

The country of Bangladesh is located in Southeast Asia and is located just east of India. It’s one of the world’s most densely populated countries, and is home to many rivers and forests, making it a lush green country. It’s also home to the Bengal tiger, which is endangered. The country is full of cultural heritage, drawing visitors in. It has a rich history of art, which can be explored at the Art Institute Dhaka. Sports fans should try to catch a game of cricket, one of the country’s most popular sports. We’ve created a list of historical places in Bangladesh to help you plan your trip. So keep on reading and see what Bangladesh has to offer.

Tip from tour guide

Old Dhaka

Old Dhaka or Puran Dhaka is a term used to refer to the historic old city of Dhaka, the capital of Bangladesh. It was founded in 1608 as Jahangirabad or Jahangirnagar, the capital of Mughal Province of Bengal and named after the Mughal emperor Jahangir. It is located on the banks of the Buriganga River. It was one of the largest and most prosperous cities of South Asia and was the center of the worldwide muslin trade. The then Nawab of Bengal, Murshid Quli Khan shifted the capital from Dhaka to Murshidabad in the early-18th century. With the rise of Calcutta (now Kolkata) during the British rule, Dhaka began to decline and came to be known as the "City of Magnificent Ruins". The British however began to develop the modern city from the mid-19th century.

1. Somapura Mahavira

পাহাড়পুর বৌদ্ধ বিহার 22
Source: Photo by Wikimedia Commons user Abdulmominbd used under CC BY-SA 4.0

Somapura Mahavira is a famous Buddhist vihara, or monastery, and is an important archaeological site in Bangladesh. It dates back to the 8th century AD and has an influence on Buddhist architecture throughout Asia. Many artefacts have been recovered during excavations, including sculpture and pottery. These finds have been stored in a museum near the site. The vihara is located in the northwest of the country and has been designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1985. Today, you can visit the site and explore the ruins — you are free to roam around at your own pace.

Somapura Mahavira

Address: Naogaon Subdivision of Rajshahi District, Bangladesh

Website: Somapura Mahavira

Opening hours: 8am - 6pm (daily)

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2. Kotila Mura

Up next we have another historic Buddhist site. Kotila Mura dates back to the 7th century AD, and consists of three stupas, which represent the Three Jewels is Buddhism: Buddha (order), Dharma (discipline), and Sangha (unity). Archaeological excavations have taken place on the site since the 1950s, uncovering items like sculptures and gold coins. The site sits on a hilly area of Comilla, Bangladesh, and evidence suggests the site was active until the 13th century. So when you’re walking around the ruins, you’re truly walking through a piece of history.

Kotila Mura

Address: Comilla Adarsho Sadar Upazila, Comilla District, Bangladesh

Opening hours: 24 hours (daily)

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3. Lalbagh Fort

Dhaka Lalbagh Fort 5
Source: Photo by Wikimedia Commons user Shmunmun used under PUBLIC DOMAIN

Lalbagh Fort is located in Dhaka and dates back to the 17th century. It’s an excellent piece of architecture of the Mughal Empire, but there’s one catch: it’s not complete. Construction began for a Mughal prince and later emperor. He was called away, and the Governor of Dhaka then took over. Unfortunately, the Governor’s daughter passed away, and the fort became an example of a bad omen, so it was left incomplete. Today, locals and tourists alike visit the fort. You can explore the mosque and the Governor’s residence.

Lalbagh Fort

Address: Lalbagh Rd, Dhaka 1211, Bangladesh

Website: Lalbagh Fort

Opening hours: Tue - Thu: 9am - 5pm; Fri: 9am - 1pm, 2:15 - 5pm; Sat: 9am - 5pm (closed on Sun)

Price: 2 USD

Tip from Content Creator

Lalbagh Fort is in Old Dhaka, which has very narrow streets, so if you go by car or other big vehicles then it is very difficult to move. That's why motorbikes or rickshaws are recommended.

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4. Shalban Bihar

Source: Photo by Wikimedia Commons user Sakib Ahmed Nasim used under CC BY-SA 3.0

Here we have another historic site sitting in the hills of Comilla, Bangladesh. Shalban Bihar was once a Buddhist monastery, with more than 100 cells for monks, and was in use from the 7th to the 12th centuries. Excavations have been taking place, revealing that the site has been rebuilt four times during its use. Today, visitors can explore the ruins, taking in the historic structure as well as the lush green landscape that surrounds it.

Shalban Bihar

Address: Courtbari, Comilla 3503, Bangladesh

Opening hours: 9am - 5pm (daily)

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5. The Liberation War Museum

Liberation War Museum photo 1
Source: Photo by Wikimedia Commons user Faizmomen used under CC BY-SA 4.0

The Liberation War Museum is located in central Dhaka and is focused on sharing information about the Bangladesh Liberation War, which saw Bangladesh gain independence from Pakistan in 1971. The museum opened in 1996 and has amassed a collection of over 21,000 artefacts relating to the war, including weapons, personal belongings, photographs, and videos. Throughout the museum’s four galleries, they tell the story of Bangladesh’s struggle for independence and identity. It’s a great place to brush up on your history of the country.

The Liberation War Museum

Address: Plot F11 A/B, Agargaon, Civic Sector, Dhaka 1207, Bangladesh

Website: The Liberation War Museum

Opening hours: Mon - Sat: 10am - 5pm (closed on Sun)

Price: 1 USD

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6. Rabindranath Tagore's Shilaidaha Kuthibari

Tagore Kuthibari
Source: Photo by Wikimedia Commons user Armanaziz used under CC BY-SA 3.0

If you’re a lover of poetry and music, it’s worth stopping by Rabindranath Tagore’s Shilaidaha Kuthibari. Tagore is a treasured writer who won the Nobel Prize in Literature — the first non-European to do so. Tagore stayed at Shilaidaha Kuthibari, a country house, writing during his stay here. Today, this three-storey building is a national monument and popular tourist attraction in Bangladesh. The home now serves as a museum where visitors can view Tagore’s belongings. It sits on beautiful grounds, with lush green grass and a pond.

Rabindranath Tagore's Shilaidaha Kuthibari

Address: Shilaidoha, Kumarkhali 7010, Bangladesh

Website: Rabindranath Tagore’s Shilaidaha Kuthibari

Opening hours: Mon: 1:30pm - 5pm; Tue - Sat: 9am - 5pm (closed on Sun)

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7. Mahasthangarh

Gokul Medh, Bogra, September 2016 01
Source: Photo by Wikimedia Commons user Afifa Afrin used under CC BY-SA 4.0

Mahasthangarh is one of Bangladesh’s earliest urban archaeological sites. This site contains the ruins of an ancient city, dating back to at least the 3rd century BC. It was discovered all the way back in the 1800s, with excavations starting in the late 1920s. Researchers have found coins, ceramics, and importantly a limestone slab with inscriptions which helped date the site. Today these finds are housed in the site museum, which is open Thursday to Sunday. The rest of the site is open all day, and visitors are welcome to explore on their own.


Address: Mahasthan, Bogra District, Bangladesh

Website: Mahasthangarh

Opening hours: 24 hours (daily)

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8. The Armenian Church

Armenian Church Dhaka
Source: Photo by Wikimedia Commons user David Stanley used under CC BY 2.0

The Armenian Church is an architectural monument situated in Dhaka. It’s a testament to the fact that many Armenians called Dhaka home in the 17th and 18th ventures, and was built in 1781. Armenians played an important role in the huge trade in Dhaka, and today one Armenian man maintains the church. Today the Department of Archaeology, Ministry of Cultural Affairs of Bangladesh, works to preserve the church and maintain its cultural significance. The church regularly hosts community events and is open daily for visitors. Step into this beautiful building and enjoy its architecture while also learning more about Bangladesh’s Armenian community.

The Armenian Church

Address: Opposite Mitford Hospital, 218 Mitford Rd, Dhaka 1100, Bangladesh

Website: The Armenian Church

Tip from tour guide

The Armenian Church of the Holy Resurrection in Old Dhaka is one of the key tourist attractions of Dhaka City. Armenians played a significant role in Bengal trade and commerce in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. They had established settlements in Hughli, Chinsura, Saidabad, Murshidabad, Kasimbazar, and other Bengal business centers, including Dhaka. Although they are entirely gone now, the little church they built in Dhaka still exists. While you're here, don't forget to also check out Star Mosque, which is close by. You can easily walk there.
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9. Ahsan Manzil

Ahsan Manzil
Source: Photo by Flickr user Francisco Anzola used under CC BY 2.0

Located along the banks of the Buriganga River in Dhaka sits Ahsan Manzil, a striking pink building. It was the residential palace of the Nawab of Dhaka, who was part of the ruling class. Built in the late 1800s, it holds architectural as well as political importance, but it fell into decline in the 1950s. In the 1990s, the palace started to undergo restoration work. Today, you can explore the inside of the building, where you’ll find a museum dedicated to its history. Walk around the landscaped grounds and take in this opulent palace.

Ahsan Manzil

Address: Latif Complex, Islampur Rd, Dhaka, Bangladesh

Website: Ahsan Manzil

Opening hours: Sat - Wed: 10:30am - 5:30pm; Fri: 3pm - 8pm (closed on Thu)

Price: 1 USD

Tip from tour guide

Ahsan Manzil (Ahsan Monjil) is situated at Kumartoli (Kumartuli), along the banks of the Buriganga River. Its construction started in 1859 and was completed in 1872, following the Indo-Saracenic Revival architecture. It has been designated as a national museum.

It is one of the most significant architectural monuments of Bangladesh. The structure was established on a raised platform of 1 m (3.2 ft) and the two-storied palace measures 125.4 m by 28.75 m (411 ft by 94 ft). The height of the first floor is 5 m (16 ft). The thickness of the walls of the palace is about 0.78 m (2.5 ft). There are porticos  5 m (16 ft) high on the northern and southern sides of the palace. The building has a broad front facing the Buriganga River. On the riverside, an open spacious stairway leads right up to the second portal, where you can find the grand triple-arched portals.

The place also has historical significance. In the Mughal era, there used to be a garden house of Sheikh Enayet Ullah, the landlord of Jamalpur Porgona (district). Sheikh Enayet Ullah was a very charming person. He acquired a big area in Kumortuli and included it in his garden house. Here, he built a beautiful palace and named it Rongmohol (Rangmahal). The king was killed by a conspirator, and there was a grave dedicated to him in the north-east corner of the palace yard; however, it was ruined at the beginning of the 20th century.

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10. Baliati Zamindari

Baliati Zamindar Bari 09
Source: Photo by Wikimedia Commons user Azim Khan Ronnie used under CC BY-SA 4.0

We’ll end our list with another palace: the Baliati Zamindari. This palace is situated in the village of Baliati, and was home to Zamindars, the aristocratic ruling family of the area. The palace dates back to the 18th century, is comprised of seven different blocks, and is surrounded by a moat. Inside, there are 200 rooms, and out back is a pond. The palace has been preserved and is now a protected cultural property. Visiting provides you with historical insight but the lovely surroundings also make for a nice way to enjoy nature on a nice day.

Baliati Zamindari

Address: Baliati 1811, Bangladesh

Website: Baliati Zamindari

Opening hours: Mon: 2pm - 5pm; Tue - Sat: 10am - 5pm (closed on Sun)

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Explore Bangladesh’s history

For the history buffs out there, there are plenty of historical places in Bangladesh to explore. From architectural treasures to ancient monasteries, there’s a wide variety of cultural heritage to explore. Foodies will also get to enjoy amazing street foods and other cuisines. So start planning your visits, and prepare to learn about the history of Bangladesh.

Tip from tour guide

I recommend using public transport to explore Old Dhaka, such as buses or taxis, because there are a lot of traffic jams. Alternatively, you can also use motorcycles and rickshaws or just walk if you want to explore all the corners of Old Dhaka. 

Any must-sees we missed? Tell us about them in the comments section or write a post here to help out fellow travelers!
Disclosure: Trip101 selects the listings in our articles independently. Some of the listings in this article contain affiliate links.


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Nicole is an American expat living in London, England. When she moved from the midwest to London in 2012, it was her first time leaving the US. She has traveled steadily since then, making trips...Read more

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